Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 24-29
Study of the Determinants of the Population's Membership of Mutual Health Insurance in the Health District of Guédiawaye (Senegal) in 2015
Diop Cheikh Tacko, Faculty of Community Health, Alioune DIOP University, Bambey, Senegal
Mai Idriss Mahamat, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta DIOP University, Dakar, Senegal
Lo Ahmadou, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta DIOP University, Dakar, Senegal
Ka Ousseynou, Faculty of Community Health, Alioune DIOP University, Bambey, Senegal
Gueye Boubacar, Faculty of Community Health, Alioune DIOP University, Bambey, Senegal
Bop Martial Coly, Faculty of Community Health, Alioune DIOP University, Bambey, Senegal
Faye Adama, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Cheikh Anta DIOP University, Dakar, Senegal
Received: Jan. 13, 2020;       Accepted: Mar. 2, 2020;       Published: Mar. 17, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.wjph.20200501.14      View  136      Downloads  41
Abstract
Financing health care continues to be a major challenge in low-income countries where universal health coverage is still far from being achieved. The objective of our study is to assess the level of adherence of populations to mutual health insurance and to study the determining factors. We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study among a sample of household heads selected through a two-stage cluster survey from 21 to 31 December 2015 in the district of Guédiawaye. A questionnaire validated after a pre-test was administered during an individual interview. Socio-economic and household characteristics, factors related to the provision of care and those related to mutual health insurance were collected. These data were entered and analyzed on Epi Info 2000 version 3.5.3. The significance value was p<0.05. The Odds ratio was used to measure the strength of the link. The study covered 300 heads of household, 90% of whom live in rural areas. The average age was 49.7 years with 93% of male. The overall membership rate was 16.7%. The analysis showed that UDAM membership was influenced by gender with p=0.033 and OR=2.74 (95% CI: 1.04-7.19). There was also a significant relationship between education level and membership of mutual health insurance with p=0.001 and OR=3.71 (95% CI: 1.97-6.99). In the service offer, the quality of the medical prescription encouraged some people to join mutual health insurance with p=0.020 and OR=2.12 (95% CI: 1.12-4). Among the factors related to mutual health insurance, access to information about the existence of mutual health insurance influenced membership with p=0.001 and OR=22.22 (95% CI: 3.01-163.84). This study not only revealed the low level of adherence to mutual health insurance in the Guediawaye health district, but also it helped identify the factors that positively or negatively influence adherence to mutual health insurance. With the involvement of all the actors concerned, such an information should make it possible to improve universal health coverage in the Guediawaye health district.
Keywords
Mutual Health Insurance, Determinants, Membership, Guediawaye District
To cite this article
Diop Cheikh Tacko, Mai Idriss Mahamat, Lo Ahmadou, Ka Ousseynou, Gueye Boubacar, Bop Martial Coly, Faye Adama, Study of the Determinants of the Population's Membership of Mutual Health Insurance in the Health District of Guédiawaye (Senegal) in 2015, World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 24-29. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20200501.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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