Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 1-11
Factors Influencing Knowledge and Attitude Among the Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia at Mathari Teaching and Referral Hospital, Kenya
Edna Anab, Department of Public Health and Community Development, Maseno University, Kisumu, Kenya
Agatha Onyango, Department of Nutrition and Health, Maseno University, Kisumu, Kenya
Catherine Mwenda, Department of Medical and Surgical Nursing, Mount Kenya University, Thika, Kenya
Received: Oct. 24, 2019;       Accepted: Jan. 6, 2020;       Published: Jan. 9, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.wjph.20200501.11      View  258      Downloads  64
Abstract
Schizophrenia is a mental disease that affects how a person feels, behaves and thinks. About 51 million people worldwide suffer from Schizophrenia globally. The main objective of the study was to determine factors that influence the knowledge and attitude of the caregivers of schizophrenic patients at Mathari Teaching and referral Hospital. Caregiver’s knowledge facilitates recognition of mental illness and health-seeking behavior. A cross- sectional descriptive study design was carried out to assess factors influencing knowledge and attitude among the caregivers of patients with schizophrenia at Mathari teaching and referral hospital, Kenya. To generate qualitative information, on knowledge and attitude the nurse in charge of the ward was selected as key informants. Data was collected using questionnaire and key informant interview. Qualitative data were analyzed through content analysis, similar themes were grouped. Schizophrenia was diagnosed using diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder (DSM-V-TR) criteria. A total of 303 caregivers visiting the patients with schizophrenia in the wards were selected for study using systemic sampling technique. Pearson correlation coefficient, logistic regression and multiple regression was used to determine the magnitude of the correlation between dependent and independent variables. Most (72%) of the participants did not know the name of the condition which the patient was suffering from. Majority, 164 (54.1%) of the caregivers had a positive attitude towards schizophrenia. There was a perfect positive correlation with the length of time the patient had suffered from the condition (.08423 zero order) with the knowledge of the caregiver. From the study finding, there was a perfect positive correlation with age, gender, highest level of education and nature of occupation (.06543, .04186, .0088 and .0039) with the knowledge of the caregiver. There was also a perfect positive correlation with age, gender religion, relationship to client, and nature of occupation (.0054, .0009.0357, .0574 and 0068 zero orders respectively). Study findings indicated a positive correlation between knowledge and the attitude since a caregiver with more knowledge had a positive attitude. The study recommends, treatment literacy classes for caregivers of schizophrenia patients.
Keywords
Attitude, Caregivers, Knowledge, Schizophrenia, Mental Health
To cite this article
Edna Anab, Agatha Onyango, Catherine Mwenda, Factors Influencing Knowledge and Attitude Among the Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia at Mathari Teaching and Referral Hospital, Kenya, World Journal of Public Health. Special Issue: Health Dynamics. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-11. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20200501.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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