Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 57-60
Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection in HIV Patients on Antiretroviral Drugs in Jos Metropolis, Nigeria
Sheyin Zakka, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria; School of Medicine and allied Health Sciences, University of The Gambia, Banjul, Gambia
Olowolafe Christian Oluwatosin, Medical Laboratory department, State Specialist Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Essien Unyime Cosmas, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Shindang John, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Ede Folashade Rebecca, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Bigwan Emmanuel Isa, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Received: May 28, 2018;       Accepted: Jun. 20, 2018;       Published: Jul. 6, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.wjph.20180302.14      View  413      Downloads  29
Abstract
Prevalence of UTI in HIV patients is well documented in several studies across the world, but there is paucity of data as regards UTI in HIV patients in Jos metropolis, Nigeria. The study was designed to determine the prevalence of urinary tract infection in HIV positive patients in Jos metropolis and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern. Two hundred and twenty-five mid-stream urine samples were obtained from HIV patients. Samples were cultured on cysteine lactose electrolyte deficient (CLED) agar and blood agar. Gram staining and biochemical tests were carried out to identify the bacteria isolates. Sensitivity testing was performed on isolates using disc diffusion method. Of the 225 HIV patients tested, 13(5.8%) were positive for UTI of which males had 5(4.8%) while the females had 8(6.6%). The study showed the presence of UTI in all age groups with the exception of age group ≥46yrs. The low prevalence of urinary tract infection recorded in the present study is an indication of the efficacy of prophylaxis administered to HIV patients to prevent opportunistic infection.
Keywords
Urinary Tract Infection, HIV, Prevalence, Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern, Inoculum, Gram Staining
To cite this article
Sheyin Zakka, Olowolafe Christian Oluwatosin, Essien Unyime Cosmas, Shindang John, Ede Folashade Rebecca, Bigwan Emmanuel Isa, Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection in HIV Patients on Antiretroviral Drugs in Jos Metropolis, Nigeria, World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2018, pp. 57-60. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20180302.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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